Journal Contents

2005 Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association
Volume 8, ISBN No. 0939016-34-6


On the Eve of Burgoyne's Capitulation at Old Saratoga: Maps of the Emplacement of British, German and Rebel American Forces, by Thomas M. Barker, Ph.D, and Jeffrey Slade.   27 pages including 9 black-and-white maps by du Roi, Faden, Wilkinson, Gerlach, Degeling, and von Senden with discussion of the cartography and the bridges built over the Hudson.

German Auxiliaries Project: The Incursion to Mount Independence. The Burgoyne Campaign, July 1777. Part I: An Investigation of the Landing and Encampment, by Ronald R. Kingsley, Harvey Alexander, and Eric Schnitzer.   Archaeological evidence combined with studies of military documents, topographic analysis, interviews with local property owners, and examination of objects in collections were used to trace the encampment and movements of the German troops. Includes historical and modern maps, photos and drawings of the area.

German Recruits in Lt. George Anson Nutt's Detachment of the 33rd Regiment of Foot on Burgoyne's Campaign, by Don N. Hagist and Eric H. Schnitzer.   Names and date of discharge, capture or desertion of 17 men.

Hessians at Fort Frederick: A Story Revisited, by P. Kirby Gull, M.DIV, MSW.  The popular legend of Hessian prisoners housed at Fort Frederick, Maryland, is questioned because historical evidence does not support this. However, prisoners were housed in Frederick Town, Maryland, and Winchester, Virginia.

Records of Massachusetts Bay Concerning Brunswick Army Prisoners From the Battle of Bennington, by Robert M. Webler.  Includes text of the paper trail dealing with responsibility for dealing with the captives on the prison ships. Some prisoners worked for residents or on farms, some deserted, and names of 7 who remained are listed.

The Waldeck Line Near Bear River, Nova Scotia, by by Robert M. Webler.   Photo and description of a memorial plaque erected by descendants of the early German settlers.

Two Journeys to Pay and Clothe the Trenton Captives, by Matthaeus Mueller, of the Knyphausen Regiment, Translated and annotated by Henry J. Retzer.  Day by day account of trips to Philadelphia and Lancaster in early 1777 and again in May 1777, continuing to Dumfries, Virginia, with associated correspondence. Describes towns and inhabitants on the way.

Two Torches Are Passed, by Henry J. Retzer.  Mention of the Hessian research files donated to the Sons of the American Revolution Library in Louisville, Kentucky, by researchers Bruce E. Burgoyne and John Helmut Merz.

Das Combinierte Bataillon - The Combined Battalion of Hessen-Cassel, 1776-1778. Part II: July 1777-1778, by Lt. Colonel Donald M. Londahl-Smidt, USAF-Ret.  Details of the unit's march from the Head of the Elk, then to Chad's Ford and the Battle of the Brandywine, then to Wilmington, Chester, and Philadelphia. After the winter encampment the troops were engaged at Monmouth, arriving in New York in July.

Research Notes, by Lt. Colonel Donald M. Londahl-Smidt, USAF-Ret.  List of research materials acquired by JSHA from German and British collections.


Johannes Ferneau, by Julie Clark.  From Herleshausen, Hessen-Cassel, Johannes (birth record Virneau) deserted from the prison at Frederick, Maryland, married Christina Clover, and settled in Berkeley County, Virginia, later incorporated into West Virginia. He moved to Ohio about 1818. Information on their 13 children is included as well as a photo of his will.

A Notable Hessian Deserter, Philipp Pfeil, by Robert M. Webler.  The story of a musician and composer of George Washington's Inaugural March who was an oboe player with the von Knyphausen Regiment and settled in Philadelphia.

Family Stories and News

Bootlegging, by Warren R. Maurer, PhD.  Methods for bootleg coal mining in the Hegins Valley by the author's father Philby during the pre-WWII years.

A Vision Realized, by Roger Schwalm.  The story of Ray Alvin Schwalm, born in Valley View, who developed the Visual Communication Education program at Western Washington State College in Bellingham in 1965. The program included graphic arts, communication design, advertising, information management, photography, and related subjects and has continued to the present.

A New Title for the 21st Century, by the Editorial Staff.  Acknowledging the new title of the journal The Hessians: Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association and tracing the history of the publication to its serendipitous beginning in 1977.

Franklin and Marshall College Archives and Special Collections, by Richard C. Barth.  JSHA documents, publications, and artifacts have been stored in this Lancaster, PA, library since 2001 and are available to the public for research. A prized item is a hymn book with the signature and other writing of Johannes Schwalm.

More Favorite Recipes, by Ann Cassar.   Features recipes for cookies served at the "Christmas in July" annual meeting of 2002 celebrating the 225th anniversary of the Battle of Trenton.

All in the Family, by N. Daniel Schwalm and Donald Reed.  Twenty pages of births, obituaries, and accomplishments of today's Hessian descendants, including Aulich, Dietz, Bahner, Bingeman, Schmeltz, and Stein. Old photos of people and places.

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JSHA Index 2005 Page Version 1.1, last updated 6/5/2007